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What Are the Functions of an Accounting Firm?

An Accounting firm performs many different functions. The Accounting department, for example, records accounts receivable and assets. In addition, it serves other tasks, including Payroll management, valuation reports, and auditing. The accounting department is critical to any business since it provides the basis for performance assessment. In addition to the essential functions listed above, the Accounting department also supports senior management in decision-making and planning. It anticipates future business needs and resources and develops strategic plans and budgets accordingly. You can also learn more through the accounting firms in your area, like the accounting firm Brooklyn NY.

The accounting department records accounts receivable as assets.

The accounts receivable category in an organization’s balance sheet includes money owed to a company by its customers. These funds are not immediately available for use but are convertible into cash in the future. This type of asset is listed among the current assets on a company’s balance sheet. There are many different ways to categorize accounts receivable. However, here are some common categories. These include notes receivable, accounts payable, and trade accounts.

For example, a magazine may have an advertisement that costs $350, and the company doesn’t expect payment immediately. It may list payment terms as ‘due in 30 days.’ That means the company can record the $350 as accounts receivable on its balance sheet, even though it will take another 30 days for the payment to be fully converted. If the company does not receive compensation by the 30th day, the $350 will appear as cash on the balance sheet.

Payroll management

One of the functions of an accounting firm is payroll management. While the process is mainly automated, it requires two people to be involved in every client. An accountant who oversees payroll processing needs to be aware of changes to the law and be willing to notify their client about any changes. Another responsibility of payroll managers is to cross-train their staff and perform background checks on new employees. Maloney recommends consulting with an accounting firm specializing in payroll before choosing a company to handle your clients’ payroll.

Payroll managers must consider several factors when determining how much tax to deduct from employee paychecks. Tax rates vary by region, so they must carefully evaluate all deductions. Additionally, they must complete various forms to document the beliefs and payments for payroll taxes. For example, they must file a W-2 for each employee by Jan. 31. They must also complete Form 941 to report employment taxes on time accurately.

Creating valuation reports

A CPA can issue two types of valuation reports. One type is a conclusion of value, a formal opinion that carries the most weight. These reports are appropriate for court testimony and settlement discussions. Another type of valuation report is a calculation, which is acceptable for most financial planning purposes. The “Top 10” expected benefits of valuation reports are discussed below. The content of a valuation report varies depending on the type of engagement and the circumstances.

The most critical component of a valuation report is the financial information. To create the account, the preparer will need to access the company’s balance sheet and income statements for the past three to five years. Other documents that will be required to calculate the value of a business include company financial forecasts, obligations under retirement plans, stock options, and bonuses. Each of these documents must be reviewed and adjusted to remove any items unique to the current business.


Accountants and auditors ensure that companies’ financial records are accurate. The two jobs share similar educational backgrounds, but they are vastly different. An accountant prepares financial documents while an auditor audits tax filings. In both positions, auditors verify that figures are accurate and are consistent with the firm’s records. Sometimes, they look for clues as to why specific figures are not adding up.

An audit aims to identify risks and propose preventative measures for those risks. Auditors may also serve as consultants, providing objective assessments and opinions. The primary objective of an audit is to improve a company’s performance in several areas, including risk management, operational efficiency, and regulatory compliance. To help companies meet these goals, auditors must access relevant records and processes. You can also call them upon to perform forensic audits.

Business advisory services

The growth of technology has transformed the way businesses do business. Increasing automation means more time for research, data analysis, insights, and proactive value-added services. To become future-ready, small accounting firms must embrace change while leveraging traditional services to meet changing client needs. As technology disrupts conventional business models, firms must transform their services to meet clients’ changing needs. Advisory services: An independent expert who provides practical assistance and advice to a company. They analyze the challenges and risks a company faces and provide practical solutions. The AICPA defines advisory services as developing conclusions and recommendations that guide management decisions. It gives examples and includes concurrent monitoring, operational review, and definition of requirements for information systems. While the AICPA’s definition feels more formal, practitioners often refer to advisory services more broadly.