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No enterprise operates free from the actions of government departments, agencies, and regulators. Rule of law , the concept that the administration of the state should be controlled by a set of laws, originated in Greek Antiquity and was revitalized in by modern philosophers in France ( Rousseau ), Germany ( Kant ) and Austria in the 18th century.

Ius publicum) is that a part of law which governs relationships between people and the government , and those relationships between people that are of direct concern to society 1 Public law includes constitutional law , administrative law , tax law and felony law , 1 in addition to all procedural law In public law, obligatory guidelines prevail.

Prison law includes the state imposing sanctions for defined crimes committed by people or companies, in order that society can obtain its model of justice and a peaceful social order This differs from civil law in that civil actions are disputes between two parties that aren’t of great public concern.

There are areas of law, which do not seem to fit into both public or non-public law, equivalent to employment law – parts of it appear like personal law (the employment contract), different components like public law (the activities of an employment inspectorate when investigating office safety).

Under the Austrian constitution , for instance, private law is among the many unique competences of federal legislation, whereas public law is partly a matter of state laws. Administrative law refers to the physique of law which regulates bureaucratic managerial procedures and defines the powers of administrative agencies.